Outdoor Fitness

Learn how to Do a Push Press

Associated Phrases: Barbell Push Press, Overhead Press, Army Press, Strict Press, Push Jerk

Targets: Full Physique

Tools Wanted: Barbell, Weight Plates

Degree: Superior

The barbell push press is a full-body motion—one among a number of associated workouts that helps to develop not solely shoulder power but in addition energy and stability via the decrease physique and core. Exercisers normally embrace the push press of their coaching regime after mastering the overhead press (additionally known as a strict press or army press) however earlier than shifting on to the extra superior push jerk or cut up jerk.

Weightlifters generally use the push press to extend muscle mass and construct power however athletes who take part in sports activities that require leaping drive additionally discover the motion helpful for reinforcing efficiency.

Whereas there are lots of advantages to the train, the push press is a complicated motion that requires using a number of completely different muscle teams and coordinated expertise. People who find themselves new to this ability ought to work with a certified coach or coach to be taught the right mechanics earlier than including important weight to the train.


The push press is one among a number of weightlifting overhead urgent derivatives (WOPDs) that has a protracted historical past of use within the sport of lifting. For years, the overhead press was thought-about a gold normal by which the power functionality of an athlete was measured.

In more moderen years, the push press—which provides a lower-body push to the overhead press—has been adopted in CrossFit gyms and in weightlifting rooms throughout the nation as a simpler strategy to improve power whereas additionally bettering pace, energy, and core power for simpler athletic efficiency.

In more moderen years, the push press—which provides a lower-body push to the overhead press—has been adopted in CrossFit gyms and in weightlifting rooms throughout the nation as a simpler strategy to improve power whereas additionally bettering pace, energy, and core power for simpler athletic efficiency.

A 2019 research printed in Sports activities Drugs recognized a number of different methods by which the push press and different WOPDs present advantages.

Lowered Threat of Harm

Studying the push press might assist cut back the danger of damage throughout coaching and weight lifting efficiency.

For a lot of weight coaching and CrossFit athletes, studying the push press is a precursor to a really comparable motion known as the jerk—a key element of the broadly used clear and jerk train. Based on a number of research, the jerk is taken into account to be one of the vital advanced and troublesome expertise within the trendy period of weightlifting and the motion is the a part of the clear and jerk that reveals the very best incidence of failure in weightlifters.

By establishing a strong basis of alignment and power with the push press, CrossFitters and different athletes might cut back their threat of damage.

Motor Management and Coordination

The push press is recognized as offering higher advantages that different WOPD workouts and as in comparison with different well-studied higher physique workouts for growing motor management and coordination. The train requires the lifter to transmit drive via the kinetic chain from the decrease physique to the higher extremities, which creates a strong stimulus to strengthen muscle groups of each the higher and decrease physique.

Moreover, the motion requires motor management and coordination all through the trunk and decrease physique muscle groups so as to stabilize and transmit forces whereas standing.

When in comparison with the bench press, the push press is taken into account to be extra relevant to explosive athletic actions and sports activities because of the technical challenges requiring pace, acceleration, timing, and coordination.

Enhanced Energy Growth for Sports activities

As a result of the push press requires excessive ranges of maximal power and energy and since the actions are mechanically just like many duties required in sports activities, the train is taken into account to be a superb a stimulus to develop speedy drive manufacturing, maximal power, and energy in sporting actions, particularly people who contain sprinting, jumps, and alter of path. These might embrace basketball, soccer, lacrosse, and different athletics.

Briefly, when athletes be taught to coordinate the extension of the ankles, knees, and hips with pace and drive utilizing the push press, they’re higher geared up to execute the strikes on the ball area.

Moreover, different research have instructed that energy actions just like the push press are essential for growing power within the core in order that energy may be transferred from the decrease physique to the higher physique throughout sports activities like soccer. Analysis means that workouts just like the plank put the physique in a nonfunctional static place and could also be much less efficient. 

Step-By-Step Directions

The push press is a complicated train that builds on different foundational actions. It’s good to grasp the overhead press first earlier than trying this train. The overhead press will provide help to to develop the shoulder power and confidence to really feel comfy lifting a bar overhead. An overhead press may be carried out with dumbbells, however you will wish to be taught the transfer with a barbell earlier than shifting on to the push press.

Additionally, as a result of the push press includes a number of completely different advanced and coordinated actions, it’s good to attempt the motion with little to no weight first. When you may have mastered the mechanics, add weight slowly.

To arrange for the train, place a barbell on a rack in entrance of you or at your toes.

  1. Stand with toes hip-distance aside. Place the barbell throughout your chest at shoulder peak in order that it rests at your collar bone. Arms ought to be positioned on the bar barely wider than shoulder-distance aside with palms going through ahead. Elbows are relaxed beneath and barely in entrance of the bar. Legs ought to be straight however not locked. Knees and ankles ought to be aligned straight beneath the hips.
  2. Retaining the bar at your chest and holding the torso sturdy, bend the knees right into a slight dip. Then push via the toes and begin to straighten the legs. This motion is finished rapidly to realize momentum.
  3. When you attain full hip extension, press the bar up. You will have to maneuver the top barely again to make room for the bar to move.
  4. Lengthen the arms totally overhead, holding the torso correctly aligned (it mustn’t really feel just like the chest is prolonged ahead or the hips are arching again). As soon as the bar has moved up previous your head, transfer it again via its unique place and barely ahead.
  5. Return the bar to the beginning place to start one other repetition.

The push press train ought to be accomplished in a single fluid motion. You will wish to full not more than 5 repetitions. If you are able to do greater than 5 reps, you might not be utilizing sufficient weight.

Frequent Errors

There are just a few widespread blunders which might be usually seen when performing the push press. Most errors contain alignment, particularly within the dip section of the train.

Improper Beginning Stance

Watch out to not place your toes too large when getting ready for the push press. It would really feel extra secure to have your toes additional aside, however you will need to preserve them at solely hip-distance aside. Toes ought to be parallel.

Additionally, watch out of your hand and elbow placement through the preparation section. The push press is just like different workouts that contain putting the barbell at chest peak. In a few of these workouts, the elbows level ahead and the palms face up. Within the push press, nevertheless, it is essential for the elbows to naturally loosen up down so the palms are going through ahead while you start.

Sloppy Dip

All the energy on this transfer comes from the dip that occurs earlier than you press the bar overhead. There are a number of issues that may go improper throughout this essential motion.

First, it is pure to decrease the physique right into a squat moderately than a dip. In a squat, the hips transfer again when the knees bend and the torso comes barely ahead. In a push press dip, nevertheless, the hips keep straight beneath the chest and head. The knees come ahead—which can really feel odd, however you do not bend deeply sufficient that the heels really feel like they should come off the ground

It is also attainable to arch the again through the dip. This can be a signal that you’re lifting an excessive amount of weight. If you cannot management the dip, lower your weight.

Lastly, some exercisers lean again on the dip, placing stress on the decrease again. Once more, preserve the top, chest, and hips aligned as you bend the knees.

Untimely Raise

Whereas the push press ought to be a fluid motion, you do not wish to begin lifting the bar till you’re at full hip extension. That implies that till your legs are straight, the bar stays at chest degree.

For those who discover that you simply all the time wish to start the overhead press with the knees bent, observe with dumbbells and have a coach watch to supply motion cues.

Not Partaking the Core

Preserve your again lengthy and powerful all through the overhead press. For those who discover that you’re arching your again remind your self to have interaction your core. Think about that you’re tightening your midsection to organize for a punch to the intestine. For those who wrestle to maintain the core engaged it’s possible you’ll be lifting an excessive amount of weight.

For those who really feel that you’re lifting the correct amount of weight and you continue to discover that you’re arching the again, double-check that you’re partaking via your core via each section of this train. Core stability protects your again and helps to stop damage.

Doing Too Many Reps

The push just isn’t designed that can assist you enhance your endurance or common health conditioning. This motion is designed to construct drive and energy. As such, you need to solely carry out between one and 5 repetitions of the motion. Including extra repetitions may result in a breakdown of type and finally to damage. Add extra weight in the event you can comfortably full greater than 5 reps.

Modifications and Variations

Want a Modification?

Inexperienced persons ought to work with a coach when studying this transfer. But when you do not have entry to an expert, you may attempt the transfer at residence utilizing no weight in any respect or just utilizing a protracted bar. This lets you be taught the sequence of the actions with out the danger of damage.

Whereas it is not uncommon to load the barbell with 45-pound weight plates or extra, there is no such thing as a must raise that a lot when you’re first beginning out. Begin with 10-pound plates and even much less if needed. If no mild weights can be found, think about attempting the motion with dumbells or with kettlebells to get stronger and extra comfy with the sequence.

Up for a Problem?

When you grasp the push press, think about advancing to the jerk motion. A jerk is similar to a push press however it provides barely extra momentum. This train begins precisely just like the push press however simply earlier than the arms are totally prolonged overhead, you will add yet one more dip to place the physique beneath the bar.

The variations between the jerk and the push press are refined however essential. The jerk is an important a part of the clear and jerk train. The jerk ought to be mastered first earlier than placing it along with a clear.

Security and Precautions

The push press is widespread train that you will see in virtually any weightlifting health club or Crossfit field. It’s possible you’ll be tempted to seize a barbell, load it up and provides it a attempt. However it is a advanced motion with a threat of damage to the shoulders, again, knees, hips, and wrists. It is good to interrupt down the actions and be taught them with care earlier than trying it. The payoff is substantial in the event you be taught to do it correctly.

For security’s sake, work with an authorized coach to be taught the essential actions. Then (if attainable) carry out the actions in entrance of a mirror in order that you’ll be able to verify your alignment throughout every section.

Learn how to Forestall Harm With Weightlifting Security Suggestions

Strive It Out

Incorporate this transfer into one among these widespread exercises:

  • Soccer Weight Coaching Program
  • Ice Hockey Weight Coaching Program
  • Weight Coaching for Energy
  • The 5×5 Exercise

What's your reaction?

In Love
Not Sure

You may also like

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *