Skin Treatments

What Are Milia and How Do They Differ from Whiteheads?

In the case of skincare considerations, sadly for all of us, there are a lot of. And we imply so much! As we undergo life, bumps and rashes can come and go—typically seemingly with out motive. One such bump may very well be milia, and though it’d appear like your typical whitehead, it’s truly not zits in any respect. So, what are milia? In case you’ve ever seen tiny white bumps in your complexion, preserve studying as a result of we’re breaking down the science to set the file straight on milia. That features what causes milia, whether or not or not you may eliminate milia, and modify your skincare routine if you’re liable to milia. Right here’s the news.


First issues first, what precisely is milia? You might have skilled it with out ever listening to of it! Though these bumps are utterly innocent, they may also be extraordinarily irritating. In line with the Mayo Clinic, milia are tiny white bumps that seem on the pores and skin, mostly in infants, however they’ll happen at any age. Milia are sometimes known as milk spots, and in accordance with the Cleveland Clinic, nearly half of all newborns within the U.S. expertise milia.

They appear like pearly white bumps simply beneath the floor of the pores and skin, and in adults, they most frequently seem across the eye space, in accordance with the Major Care Dermatology Society. In addition to below the eyes and on eyelids, milia could seem on the chin, brow, and cheeks.


We touched on this earlier than, however no, milia aren’t whiteheads. All zits, together with whiteheads, happens when hair follicles turn out to be clogged with oil, micro organism, and lifeless pores and skin cells, in accordance with the Mayo Clinic. Particularly, whiteheads are closed plugged pores (whereas blackheads are open plugged pores, and it’s this openness that causes them to turn out to be black or darken in shade). Milia, however, are attributable to one thing else totally. Extra on that subsequent!


In line with the Mayo Clinic, milia happen when tiny pores and skin flakes turn out to be trapped in pockets simply beneath the floor of the pores and skin. The Cleveland Clinic explains that milia are literally small cysts within the pores and skin.


In contrast to whiteheads, that are normally simple to deal with with over-the-counter zits merchandise, (per the American Academy of Dermatology), milia sometimes go away on their very own. In line with the Cleveland Clinic, as a result of milia shouldn’t be dangerous, it’s typically not handled and left to clear up with out intervention, particularly in infants.

For adults seeking to eliminate milia, the Cleveland Clinic notes that there are a number of choices for milia elimination with the assistance of a board-certified physician. These embrace prescription lotions, utilizing a needle to extract the milia, and cryotherapy.


In addition to reserving an appointment with a dermatologist or doing nothing in any respect, there are steps you may take to maintain your pores and skin wanting its greatest. If you’re liable to milia however aren’t prepared for skilled remedy, there are some things you are able to do to maintain these tiny bumps at bay. Per the Mayo Clinic, should you expertise milia, don’t pinch or scrub the bumps once they come up. As an alternative, use a gentle cleanser with heat (not sizzling!) water twice every day, and in addition keep away from utilizing facial oils. A couple of times per week, use a mild facial exfoliant to assist slough away lifeless pores and skin cells from pores and skin’s floor. These with milia also needs to take further care to keep away from an excessive amount of time within the solar—and by no means go exterior with out SPF! Since milia is commonest on the face, put on a hat and take different sun-protective measures, similar to in search of shade and avoiding time open air between the hours of 10 a.m. and a pair of p.m., as typically as you may. Lastly, very similar to pimples, you shouldn’t attempt to pop or squeeze milia, as this could trigger the pores and skin to scar and even result in an an infection.


Like we mentioned, having milia isn’t dangerous, so the reply to this query relies on you. In the end, deciding to see a dermatologist will depend upon how a lot your milia is bothering you or affecting your look. In case you’re involved in milia elimination, be sure to go to a board-certified dermatologist.

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